Turkish economy caught between recovery and conflicts

Turkish economy caught between recovery and conflicts
Turkish economy caught between recovery and conflicts
(c) iStock
Share post:

mobile phones

Recent economic data indicates that the Turkish economy is recovering to some extent. Most recently, the formerly very dynamic economy’s GDP has increased again, with inflation returning to single digits after a massive rise. The Turkish lira’s exchange rate was also largely stabilised after last year’s currency crisis. However, the Turkish invasion in northern Syria and the conflict surrounding it with the USA put the lira under renewed pressure, raising concerns about the Turkish economy’s recovery. There are varying signals regarding the further development.

Signs pointing to relaxation

Last year, a diplomatic dispute with the USA and doubts about the independence of the Turkish central bank had caused the country’s currency to decrease by almost a third. As a result of the sharp increase in import prices, inflation rose to almost 25 per cent in the meantime, and in the latter half of 2018, the Turkish economy finally slipped into recession.

Recently, there have been clearer signs again of the Turkish economy stabilising. Although the GDP remained negative year-on-year, the economic output increased for the second consecutive quarter between April and June of this year (+1.2 per cent). In September, inflation also fell to 9.3 per cent, sinking below double-digit levels for the first time since mid-2017. The positive outlook was also corroborated by further news: In September, Turkey stated that it intended to quadruple bilateral trade in goods with the USA to USD 100bn per year in response to the trade dispute with China. Meanwhile, the German Volkswagen Group announced that it would build its new Eastern European plant in Turkey. In addition, the Turkish central bank – following President Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s replacement of its Governor in the middle of the year – significantly lowered key interest rates for the second consecutive time. While this is expected to further boost the country’s economy, it also increases the risk of returning higher inflation rates.

Different expectations and challenges

According to President Erdogan, the Turkish economy is expected to grow again by 5.0 per cent in 2020. While economists surveyed by Reuters on the whole expect stagnation, the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) expects real GDP to decline by 2.6 per cent in the current year and to increase slightly by 1.6 per cent in 2020.

The economic environment in Turkey remains challenging. Investors are not only focusing on monetary policy, which is no longer considered to be independent following the replacement of the central bank’s Governor, and, due to the geopolitical situation, international relations play a particularly decisive role. The Turkish government’s plans to procure Russian missile systems put a heavy damper on relations with the USA this year and could jeopardise plans for closer trade relations.

development turkey

Note: Past performance is not indicative of future development.

Last week, the situation seemed to escalate again with Turkey’s advance against Kurdish militias in northern Syria. US President Donald Trump had previously cleared the way for the Turkish military operation there by withdrawing troops, but at the same time had threatened to “totally destroy Turkey’s economy” if Istanbul did something he considered wrong. As a result, the lira fell by a good 2 per cent, calling back to last year’s currency crisis, which already seemed to have been overcome.

 

 

 

Legal note:
Prognoses are no reliable indicator for future performance.

RESPOND TO THE ARTICLE

Legal disclaimer

This document is an advertisement. All data is sourced from Erste Asset Management GmbH, unless indicated otherwise. Our languages of communication are German and English.

The prospectus for UCITS (including any amendments) is published in Amtsblatt zur Wiener Zeitung in accordance with the provisions of the InvFG 2011 in the currently amended version. Information for Investors pursuant to § 21 AIFMG is prepared for the alternative investment funds (AIF) administered by Erste Asset Management GmbH, pursuant to the provisions of the AIFMG in connection with the InvFG 2011.

The fund prospectus, Information for Investors pursuant to § 21 AIFMG, and the key investor document/KID can be viewed in their latest versions at the web site www.erste-am.com within the section mandatory publications or obtained in their latest versions free of charge from the domicile of the management company and the domicile of the custodian bank. The exact date of the most recent publication of the fund prospectus, the languages in which the key investor document is available, and any additional locations where the documents can be obtained can be viewed on the web site www.erste-am.com. A summary of investor rights is available in German and English on the website www.erste-am.com/investor-rights as well as at the domicile of the management company.

The management company can decide to revoke the arrangements it has made for the distribution of unit certificates abroad, taking into account the regulatory requirements.

This document serves as additional information for our investors and is based on the knowledge of the staff responsible for preparing it at the time of preparation. Our analyses and conclusions are general in nature and do not take into account the individual needs of our investors in terms of earnings, taxation, and risk appetite. Past performance is not a reliable indicator of the future performance of a fund. Please note that investments in securities entail risks in addition to the opportunities presented here. The value of shares and their earnings can rise and fall. Changes in exchange rates can also have a positive or negative effect on the value of an investment. For this reason, you may receive less than your originally invested amount when you redeem your shares. Persons who are interested in purchasing shares in investment funds are advised to read the current fund prospectus(es) and the Information for Investors pursuant to § 21 AIFMG, especially the risk notices they contain, before making an investment decision. If the fund currency is a currency other than the investor's home currency, changes in the corresponding exchange rate may have a positive or negative impact on the value of his investment and the amount of the costs incurred in the fund - converted into his home currency.

Please consult the corresponding information in the fund prospectus and the Information for Investors pursuant to § 21 AIFMG for restrictions on the sale of fund shares to American citizens. Misprints and errors excepted.