Erste Asset Management

High dividends with real estate funds

High dividends with real estate funds
High dividends with real estate funds
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Authors:Gabriela Tinti (Senior Fondsmanagerin Aktien Schwellenländer)
Stephanie Clam Martinic (Senior Fund Manager Multi Asset Management) and Gabriela Tinti (Senior Fund Manager Equities Emerging Markets)

In spite of the increase in prices, the interest in real estate is unwaning

In view of the current level of real estate prices, direct real estate investments are hardly affordable anymore for private investors. The purchase of real estate requires substantial equity at the outset, which for the investors is associated with high risk. In addition, incidentals and administrative costs for the construction and maintenance of the construction project are a burden. Whoever wants to buy real estate, should also have the necessary know-how in the field, because any two properties are never the same. An alternative solution to participate in the rising value of real estate is to invest in real estate funds.

There are different kinds of real estate funds. When selecting one, the investor should carefully consider how long he/she wants to tie up the money. Some product classes offer flexibility.

Open-ended real estate funds invest directly in a property

Open-ended real estate funds, which are often advertised by banks and are considered relatively safe, invest the money in advance in well-defined real estate projects or acquire objects that have already been completed. Return is generated by rental income and the rising value of the property. Such funds are not very liquid because the assets are tied up in projects. When investing in open-ended real estate funds, one has to take into account the fact that in times of crises, a liquidity crunch may occur, as a result of which the fund may be closed or suspended from trading.

In such a case, the real estate property fund is forced to sell investment objects to ensure it can honour increased outflows from the fund. This would be the case where many investors wanted to withdraw their money. Such sales come with a certain lead time, during which investors have to wait for their money, as it is not immediately available. However, as we have pointed out earlier, the share prices of classic real estate funds are subject to low levels of fluctuation. i.e. to lower risk. Basically, investors should therefore expect lower yields (ERSTE IMMOBILIENFONDS 2,5% p.a., since 30 November 2011; please refer to chart); the upside of the low yield is the relatively high degree of safety.

chart_immobilien_enProjections and forecasting is no reliable indicator for future developments.

Real estate equity funds invest in companies

Real estate equity funds are different: the investor’s money is not funnelled into any real estate projects directly; instead, he/she participates indirectly in the profit of real estate development companies, i.e. listed real estate companies, and in real estate investment trusts (REITs). They can be active across various sectors, such as office, retail, residential, and industrial real estate, as well as across different countries. Given that a real estate equity fund invests in several companies, its success does not hinge on one company exclusively. In other words, the risk is diversified.

A real estate equity fund basically offers better chances of a higher yield (ESPA STOCK EUROPE PROPERTY 6,9% p.a. since 21 May). As can be expected from an equity fund, the chance of a higher yield comes with a higher risk of losses, since listed companies are subject to the fluctuations of the market.

Both product classes, i.e. open-ended real estate funds and real estate equity funds, are suitable for both smaller and larger investment amounts. They are a good form of investment for participating in real estate yields.

High dividends with real estate investment trusts – REITs

Real estate equity funds can invest in so-called real estate investment trusts (i.e. REITs). These are listed property real estate companies that mainly own and manage real estate. REITs distribute a minimum of 90% of their profits as dividends to their shareholders. In contrast to a classic public limited company, the profit is exempt from corporate income tax, which facilitates higher dividends for the shareholders. Traditional companies tend to have less funds available for dividends as their profits are subject to corporate income tax prior to distribution. The investor in turn has to declare the dividends as income from investments for tax purposes. Of course, the tax advantage of REITs is subject to certain conditions.

Exact market valuation of REITs and real estate shares

Since REITs and real estate shares are traded on the stock exchange, the assets are valued not only on the basis of the frequent appraisal by experts, but also by the market on a daily basis. This creates maximum transparency. Real estate funds, on the other hand, are valued at longer intervals by the asset management company itself or by an appraiser. This causes the time series of the value of traditional real estate funds to be relatively static; it cannot fully reflect the actual, most recent market value of assets (please refer to chart).

Investors interested in real estate as asset class should consider including real estate equity funds in their portfolios. The diversification effect, the high pay-out ratio (for REITs), and the liquidity advantage vis-à-vis a direct real estate investment, all favour an investment in this asset class.

Erste Asset Management offers different investment solutions to this end:

Investors interested in a specific region may want to look at the following two funds with regional real estate focus:


Investors interested in international real estate shares who do not want to focus on a specific region, may find the following real estate equity fund to their liking. It follows an absolute return approach, which means that it is not benchmark-driven. Depending on the market situation, the 0 to 100% of assets will be invested, with the outstanding balance held in cash.


All Erste Asset Management real estate equity funds invest also in REITs, which means that the aforementioned tax benefits apply to dividends.

Risk notes according to 2011 Austrian Investment Fund Act

PRIVATE BANKING MANAGEMENT PROGRAMM REAL ESTATE may make significant investments in derivatives (including swaps and other OTC derivatives) pursuant to section 73 of the 2011 Austrian Investment Fund Act.

PRIVATE BANKING MANAGEMENT PROGRAMM REAL ESTATE may make significant investments in investment funds (UCITS, UCI) pursuant to section 71 of the 2011 Austrian Investment Fund Act.


ESPA STOCK EUROPE PROPERTY may exhibit increased volatility due to the composition of its portfolio: i.e. the unit value can be subject to significant fluctuations both upwards and downwards within short periods of time.


ESPA STOCK ASIA PACIFIC may exhibit increased volatility due to the composition of its portfolio: i.e. the unit value can be subject to significant fluctuations both upwards and downwards within short periods of time.



Legal disclaimer

This document is an advertisement. Unless indicated otherwise, source: Erste Asset Management GmbH. The language of communication of the sales offices is German and the languages of communication of the Management Company also include English.

The prospectus for UCITS funds (including any amendments) is prepared and published in accordance with the provisions of the InvFG 2011 as amended. Information for Investors pursuant to § 21 AIFMG is prepared for the alternative investment funds (AIF) administered by Erste Asset Management GmbH pursuant to the provisions of the AIFMG in conjunction with the InvFG 2011.

The currently valid versions of the prospectus, the Information for Investors pursuant to § 21 AIFMG, and the key information document can be found on the website under “Mandatory publications” and can be obtained free of charge by interested investors at the offices of the Management Company and at the offices of the depositary bank. The exact date of the most recent publication of the prospectus, the languages in which the key information document is available, and any other locations where the documents can be obtained are indicated on the website A summary of the investor rights is available in German and English on the website and can also be obtained from the Management Company.

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Note: You are about to purchase a product that may be difficult to understand. We recommend that you read the indicated fund documents before making an investment decision. In addition to the locations listed above, you can obtain these documents free of charge at the offices of the referring Sparkassen bank and the offices of Erste Bank der oesterreichischen Sparkassen AG. You can also access these documents electronically at

N.B.: The performance scenarios listed in the key information document are based on a calculation method that is specified in an EU regulation. The future market development cannot be accurately predicted. The depicted performance scenarios merely present potential earnings, but are based on the earnings in the recent past. The actual earnings may be lower than indicated. Our analyses and conclusions are general in nature and do not take into account the individual characteristics of our investors in terms of earnings, taxation, experience and knowledge, investment objective, financial position, capacity for loss, and risk tolerance.

Please note: Past performance is not a reliable indicator of the future performance of a fund. Investments in securities entail risks in addition to the opportunities presented here. The value of units and their earnings can rise and fall. Changes in exchange rates can also have a positive or negative effect on the value of an investment. For this reason, you may receive less than your originally invested amount when you redeem your units. Persons who are interested in purchasing units in investment funds are advised to read the current fund prospectus(es) and the Information for Investors pursuant to § 21 AIFMG, especially the risk notices they contain, before making an investment decision. If the fund currency is different than the investor’s home currency, changes in the relevant exchange rate can positively or negatively influence the value of the investment and the amount of the costs associated with the fund in the home currency.

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Please consult the corresponding information in the fund prospectus and the Information for Investors pursuant to § 21 AIFMG for restrictions on the sale of the fund to American or Russian citizens.

It is expressly noted that this communication does not provide any investment recommendations, but only expresses our current market assessment. Thus, this communication is not a substitute for investment advice, does not take into account the legal regulations aimed at promoting the independence of financial analyses, and is not subject to a prohibition on trading following the distribution of financial analyses.

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